Florida provided five companies of militia volunteers for federal service during the war with Mexico, 1846-1848. Included in the list are only those men from Florida companies.
Black Floridians served in militias during periods Spanish, British and American but would not become members of the Florida National Guard until the mid-1960s. Here’s a look at Florida’s Black Militia.
By 1812, the majority of Florida’s residents were Anglos: former British Loyalists, recent British immigrants, or new settlers from the American states to the north. Spanish laws were strict. To have property or any other type of resident rights, one had to serve in the militia.
Many of the men listed in the Urban Militia were active in various schemes designed to divest Spain of its Florida territory; many others faithfully served to protect Spain’s right to Florida.
Officers Andres Atkinson Captain Guillermo Lawrence Lieutenant Ruben Hogans Sub-Lieutenant Issac Carter Sergeant Daniel Hogans Sergeant Pedro Maxey Corporal Jacobo Worley Corporal Carlos Breward (Broward) Corporal Guillermo Carter Corporal Privates… read more →
This muster roll comes from Spanish records made as part of Florida’s transition back to Spanish control at the end of the American Revolution. The East Florida Militia, later known as the King’s (Carolina) Rangers, muster roll shows they were about to disband.
Nephew to Napoleon Bonaparte, Achille Murat served as a Lt. Colonel in Florida’s territorial militia. It is hard to imagine such an aristocrat leading Florida frontier militia into the wooded wilds and swamps, but he did.